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International Journal of Clinical Medicine and Bioengineering
ISSN:2737-534X
Frequency: Quarterly Published by lIKll


Open Access Research Paper
 IJCMB 2022/03
Vol.2, Iss.1 : 33-40
https://doi.org/10.35745/ijcmb2022v02.01.0006

Analysis of Vortex-Generation Using Adaptive Finite Element Method to Simulate Hemodynamics of Sigmoid Sinus Diverticulum


Hui-Fang Lin1 and Yi-Chern Hsieh1*

1Department of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Formosa University, Taiwan

Received:N/A; Revised:N/A; Accepted:N/A; Published:March 30, 2022
Abstract:
In various practical physical problems, the formation of the vortical flow inside the flow field has different effects and consequences. The diverticular vortex has been considered one of the causative factors of venous pulsatile tinnitus (PT). Thus, we aimed to solve the diverticular vortex by using the adaptive finite element method. We investigated the physical phenomena of the diverticular flow field generated during the cardiac cycles and transient changes of various physical phenomena before and after the vortex. The three-dimensional (3D) computational reconstructive geometry was created by combining computed-tomography images using MIMICS 19.0 software. Flow field calculation was performed with the software COMSOL 5.6 by implementing the 3D unsteady k-𝜔𝜔 turbulent model. The results showed that the overall state of blood flow in the sigmoid sinus and the pressure in the diverticulum changed secondarily to the cardiac cycles. Before the vortex was generated inside the diverticulum, the magnitude and the fluctuation of the inertial force in all directions become larger than those in regions without a vortex. After the appearance of the vortex, the fluctuation of its inertial force tended to be moderate at different points, and the results were similar to those regions without a vortex. The calculation of error estimates in this study met convergence, and different time intervals also exhibited expected results. The study result provides a basis for understanding the effect and cause prior to the vortex generation on venous PT.

Keywords:  Adaptive, Finite element method, Vortex, Turbulent flow, Diverticulum, Venous pulsatile tinnitus

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*Corresponding author; e-mail: ych@nfu.edu.tw;


Citation:Lin, H.F.; Hsieh, Y.C.Analysis of Vortex-Generation Using Adaptive Finite Element Method to Simulate Hemodynamics of Sigmoid Sinus Diverticulum. International Journal of Clinical Medicine and Bioengineering 2022, 2, 33-40. https://doi.org/10.35745/ijcmb2022v02.01.0006

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Copyright: © 2022  The Author(s). Published with license by IIKII, Singapore. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

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