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Applied Functional Materials

 AFM 2021/12
Vol.1, Iss.1 : 9-24
Silica as a Scaffold Layer via Electrospray for MAPbI3 Perovskite-based Solar Cell

Chun-Chih Hu1, Ting-Yu Tai1, Chi-Wei Chan1 and Yaw-Shyan Fu1*
1Department of Greenergy, National University of Tainan, Tainan 700, Taiwan

We synthesized a novel hybridized perovskite-silica (SiO2) solar cell using an electrospray process under ambient conditions. The Silica scaffold not only provided optical transmission from visible to infrared regions but also blocked the back flow transport of the holes and electrons to reach the electrodes, leading to reduced charge recombination. Moreover, the CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) film quality can be improved by using the combination of vacuum annealing enhanced crystal growth and the methylamine (CH3NH2, MA) vapor-assisted diffusion at the grain boundaries, due to reduced surface roughness and the re-crystallization of the MAPbI3 film. Photovoltaic performances were evaluated using the glass/ITO/poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(styrene-sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)/SiO2/MAPbI3/C60/BCP/Al device structure, with the champion MAPbI3 based perovskite-silica solar cell exhibited a short-circuit current density of 19.89 mA/cm2, an open-circuit voltage of 0.89 V, a fill factor of 0.50, and a power conversion efficiency of 8.85%.

Keywords:  Perovskite, SiO2, Electrospray, Crystal growth, MAPbI3

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© 2021   , ISSN 2737-5323