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Applied Functional Materials
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Open Access Research Paper
 AFM 2022/09
Vol.2, Iss.3 : 37-41

Effect of Agitation Methods on Characteristics of Iron Ferrite Nanoparticles Synthesized by Co-Precipitation Process

Hamid Reza Dehghanpour1*, Parviz Parvin2, Aryan Younesi3 and Monireh Gilaki1

1Department of Physics, Tafresh University, Tafresh 3951879611, Iran
2Physics Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Chemical Engineering, Tafresh University, Tafresh 3951879611, Iran

Received:August 10, 2022; Revised:August 26, 2022; Accepted:September 10, 2022; Published:September 30, 2022
To assess the result of the stirring process on the Fe3O4 nanoparticles' properties, two types of stirrings (mechanical and magnetic) were compared. Fe3O4 nanoparticles were generated by chemical precipitation. Oleic acid covered the nanoparticles as a surfactant performer. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to investigate the fine grains sample, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images were used for observing the nanoparticles’ geometry. The vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) was also used to examine the magnetic characteristic of the nanoparticles. Chemical bonds were determined by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). As a result, the hysteresis loop characterized the magnetic nanoparticles. Magnetite nanoparticles are regarded as a soft magnetic material due to their low coercivity. XRD diagrams show the presence of powerful peaks in the orientations of crystal surfaces of the spinel form of the nanoparticles. The result showed that nanoparticles were nearly spherical. The average dimensions of the nanoparticles were estimated by Scherrer approximation. The mean particle dimensions were 11 nm (chemical mixer) and 13 nm (magnet mixer). SEM images verified the spherical shape of the nanoparticles, and FTIR confirmed the constitution of Fe-O bonds and validated the spinel ferrites configuration.

Keywords:  Fe3O4 Ferrite, Nanoparticle, precipitation, Spinel

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Citation:Reza, H.; Parvin, P.; Younesi, A.; Gilaki, M.Effect of Agitation Methods on Characteristics of Iron Ferrite Nanoparticles Synthesized by Co-Precipitation Process. Applied Functional Materials 2022, 2, 37-41.

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Copyright: © 2022  The Author(s). Published with license by IIKII, Singapore. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.