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Educational Innovations and Emerging Technologies
ISSN:2737-5315
Frequency: Quarterly Published by lIKll


Open Access
 EIET 2021/12
Vol.1, Iss.1 : 15-31
https://doi.org/10.35745/eiet2021v01.01.0003

Exploration of Teacher-Student Neural Coupling Occurring During the Teaching and Learning of Science


Richard Lamb1*, David Fortus2, Troy Sadler3, Knut Neumann4, Amanda Kavner5 and Leonard Annetta6

1East Carolina Univeristy Neurocognition Science Laboratory, USA
2Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
3University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
4Leibniz Institite for Science and Mathematics Education, Germany
5Famingdale State College State University of New York, USA
6East Carolina Univeristy, USA

Received:N/A; Revised:N/A; Accepted:N/A; Published:November 20, 2021
Abstract:
Verbal communication to relay information between students and the teacher, i.e., talk, lies at the heart of all science classrooms. This study investigated and began to characterize the neurological basis for the talk between science teachers and students in terms of speaker-listener coupling in a naturalistic setting. Speaker-listener coupling is the time-locked moment in which speaker vocalizations result in activity in the listeners brain. This activity is highly predictive and tightly ties to listener understanding. The design for this study was an observational stimulus-response study using neuroimaging data obtained from talk sessions between a teacher and a student. Results were obtained using a functional near-infrared spectrometer and an artificial neural network model. Examination of the data suggested that speaker-listener coupling occurs between a student and a teacher during successfully understood verbal communications. This study promotes further research into the exploration of how individual interactions between persons (speakers and listeners) via talk are perceived and influence individual cognition. Study outcomes suggest coupled brains create new knowledge, integrate practices and content, and verbal and nonverbal communication systems which are constrained at two levels the environmental level and the speaker listener level. The simplicity of brain-to-brain coupling as a reference system may simplify the understanding of behaviors seen during the learning of science in the classroom.

Keywords:  Speaker-listener Coupling, Student-Teacher Talk, Science Education, fNIRS, Neuroimaging

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*Corresponding author; e-mail: lambr19@ecu.edu


Citation:Lamb, R., & Fortus, D., & Sadler, T., & Neumann, K., & Kavner, A., & Annetta, L.(2021). Exploration of Teacher-Student Neural Coupling Occurring During the Teaching and Learning of Science. Educational Innovations and Emerging Technologies, 1(1), 15-31. https://doi.org/10.35745/eiet2021v01.01.0003

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Copyright: © 2021  The Author(s). Published with license by IIKII, Singapore. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

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